"The Church, [Church of Rome]...after changing the day of rest from the Jewish Sabbath, or seventh day of the week, to the first, made the third commandment refer to Sunday as the day to be kept holy as the Lord's Day." - Catholic Encyclopedia, Vol. 4 p. 153

Is the Sabbath a SIGN OF THE COVENANT?


The keeping of the Sabbath is the “sign” of the covenant between Israel and YHWH Exodus 31:13-17
Ezekiel 20:12
Ezekiel 20:20
Leviticus 24:8


Remembrance of the Sabbath is one of the Ten Commandments.  This was a perpetual covenant for the Israelites Exodus 31:13-17.  Observance was universally from the sixth day sundown to the seventh day sun down Genesis 1:2-4. It is not specifically a day of prayer, although we do pray on the Shabbat, we spend an amount of time in the temple reading the law, prophets and singing praises to YHWH because it is commanded to be kept as a holy convocation Leviticus 23:2.  


Holy convocation means to come together


Shabbat preparation takes place on Friday afternoon the house is cleaned, the family bathes and the best dishes are cooked. In addition, everything that cannot be done during Shabbat must be set up in advance and preparations for the remaining Shabbat meals for the temple must be made because you are not to cook on the Sabbath. Exodus 16:23, Exo 35:3. 


What not to do on the Sabbath

Exodus 16:23 
Nehemiah 10:31
Nehemiah 13:15-19
Jeremiah 17:21-22
Deuteronomy 5:12-15
Leviticus 23:3
Exodus 34:21
Exodus 16:27-28
Jeremiah 17:27
Exodus 23:2-3


Reward for keeping the Sabbath
Isaiah 58:13-14
Isaiah 56:2

So how do we know this to be true?  


If we read the scriptures below Paul was only known to teach on the Sabbath

Acts 13: 14-15; 42-44
Acts 16:12-15
Acts 17:2
Acts 18:1-11

Again, Paul had spent an entire Sabbath preaching to the brethren, continuing well into Saturday night—or the first day of the week—which started at sundown Saturday evening.  If you do research on which day of the week is the first day, Sunday will come up.  


So the question is, if Sunday is the first day, how is it the Seventh day?  


When you count from Sunday to Saturday, Saturday is the 7th day, since Sunday is the first day.  
Another thing we would have to take notice to is in Matthew 28:1 and Mark 16:1 (what we read above earlier) it states “In the end of the Sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week,”  it is clearly letting you know that Sunday is the first day of the week.  Understanding the Shabbat and why the Shabbat starts at evening


To have a clear understanding on why the Shabbat starts at evening every Friday night we must first understand which was created first the Light or Darkness?  ALHYM created the heaven and the earth and the earth was without form or void, there was no light, there was only darkness then after darkness he created light. 

Let’s read to find out
Genesis 1:1-2 (speaks about darkness first)
Genesis 1:3-4 (speaks about light second)
Genesis 1:5 
ALHYM created the moon, sun and stars to measure times and seasons 
Genesis 1:14-19


So, this is why in our Hebrew Culture the LUNA PHASE was used and is used to measure times, seasons, and keep appointed holy days and to keep the Shabbat, because darkness was first and then he created light and this made the first day 
Genesis 1:5


The one thing that should stick out is, "THE EVENING AND THE MORNING WERE THE FIRST DAY."   This was also a way for the Israelites to keep their High Holy days appointed to the CREATOR Leviticus 23.  One day is from evening to evening, the next day (Leviticus 23:32, instead of from morning to evening.  

Who changed it?
In 380 A.D. the Roman Empire successfully adopted Christianity as a state religion.  Constantine was the roman emperor around the 4th century.  At that time the cult Mithraism or sun-worship was the official religion of the Roman Empire and it was Christianity greatest competitor.  Mithraism (sun-worship) had its own organization, temple, priesthood and worship day which they would give homage to the sun. That day was known as, "The Venerable Day of the Sun," which is the first day of the week, and from this day the name Sunday arrived 


The story of Constantine conversion into Christianity has become very well known.  He was marching forth to fight the battle of Milvian Bridge when he had some kind of vision, and saw a flaming cross in the sky.  Underneath the cross were the Latin words meaning “In this sign conquer.”  Constantine took this as an omen that he should be a Christian, and his army as well. He declared all his pagan soldiers to be Christians, and became very zealous to build up the power and prestige of the church. Through his influence great blocks of pagans were taken into the Christian ranks. But, originally Constantine was a pagan sun worshiper and he instituted his pagan ways into Christianity for their adoration of the sun god and they brought in much of the activity of sun-worship.  Constantine accepted their day of sun worship, "The Venerable Day of the Sun," which is the first day of the week, SUNDAY instead of the Sabbath day to make pagan worship more convenient for them.  It is easier to understand how the change was imposed on Christianity through a strong civil law issued by Constantine as the Emperor of Rome. This information of the civil law can be found in an encyclopedia.


So instead of telling the truth (which the truth is what we just read about Constantine) these pastors, ministers and teachers throughout time has taught that all Christians and Catholics should not keep the seventh day (The Sabbath) as an observance, but instead they should keep Sunday because it is the day of HaMashiach resurrection and their primary basis used to justify Sunday observance is the phrase “the first day of the week” meaning he resurrected on the first day of the week and that’s why they should observe it and call it the LORDS DAY…


But …


please keep in mind that even if HaMashiach had been resurrected on the first day of the week --- there exists no scriptural basis for changing the Sabbath from the seventh day of the week to the first day…so their teaching of observing Sunday as HaMashiach Day is just them covering up what the truth really is with a lie.  All so, you can worship on "The Venerable Day of the Sun," which is the first day of the week SUNDAY, instead of the Sabbath day. 

"You may read the Bible from Genesis to Revelation, and you will not find a single line authorizing the sanctification of Sunday. The Scriptures enforce the religious observance of Saturday."  -  James Cardinal Gibbons, The Faith of our Fathers, p. 89.


​​​The First Day of the week

This phrase appears in eight different verses in the New Testament.  Six of these eight verses pertain to the time associated with HaMashiach resurrection. We will look over some of them below this must be addressed first and foremost. 

No Sunday-keeping or no religious resurrection service is mentioned, it only says “the first day of the week” in the scriptures below
Matt. 28:1-10 
 Mark 16:1-9.
Luke 24:1


Comparing this account with the parallel account in Matthew and Mark reveals that these women had waited until the Sabbath was over to do certain work. One verse earlier, in Luke 23:56, it states that these women had “rested the Sabbath day according to the commandment.”

But wait…..
 
This would be strange for the women to keep the Sabbath if they had been taught, throughout HaMashiach ministry, that he intended to “nail the Sabbath to the cross.” 

So we see that of course, they knew that the Sabbath was ordained forever and that HaMashiach  didn’t abolish it…..because they rested on that day. How could these women “rest…according to the commandment” if the Fourth Commandment (Remember the Sabbath day to keep it Holy) had been done away with? 

So the question would stand, why would they rest if the 4th commandment was done away with or nailed to the cross? Why were these women resting?  I thought that when he died the Laws were nailed to the cross?

Another scripture that reveals another law being done after his death is Matt. 27:57 (they followed the law written in Deuteronomy 21:23

In Acts 8:1-11 Paul keeps the Sabbath one year and six months.

The account in Acts 20:6-8 speaks of how Paul preached on the first day of the week, and how Paul had continued his preaching “until midnight.” Some teach that meeting on the first day of the week  and coming together to break bread, is keeping service, but this is NOT TRUE due to Acts 2:44-46. Breaking bread was not uncommon, it was a custom to eat bread on a daily basis.


HaMashiach and the disciples taught on the Sabbath: Mark 2:27, Luke 13:10, Mark 6:1-2, Acts 17:1-4, Luke 4:16, Acts 13:13-15, Acts 13:42-44, Acts 16:11-13



"The authority of the church [Church of Rome] could therefore not be bound to the authority of scriptures, because the Church had changed...the Sabbath into Sunday, not by command of Christ, but by its own authority." - Canon and Tradition, p, 263


The Sabbath also known as (the Shabbat) in Hebrew, is a weekly joyful day of rest and worship.  It is first mentioned in Genesis 2:2-3 were it is set aside as a day of rest and made holy.  


How the Sabbath was changed to Sunday
 

Many people believe Sunday is the Sabbath day and debate that the change of the Sabbath from the Seventh day to the first day of the week, dates back to HaMashiach and that Sunday replaced the seventh day (the Sabbath) for most Christians as early as the first century A.D. it became a custom by the mid second century.  Yet around the 4th and 5th century the Roman Empire began to rule (which is the empire that we are under right now) and changed time and laws and this was a prophecy foretold by Daniel before it actually took place.


So let’s see if this is true… (Let’s read)

Daniel 7:25 And he shall speak great words against the Most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.


We see here that this prophecy did come to pass, because they did change the 4th commandment. (Remember the Sabbath day to keep it Holy)